The Three General Approaches of the Abstract Expressionist Movement

Abstract expressionism provided artists a way to convey their creativity and artistic expression in a wide array of styles and techniques. But even if it was known for being such a diverse art movement, abstract expressionism was characterized by three general approaches:

Action painting

Probably the most known of the three, action painting, also known as gestural abstraction, is defined by paint spontaneously and loosely dripped or spilled onto the canvas. The brushstrokes or patterns might seem like they were dictated by chance, and while it is partially true, the painting is done with intent.

Abstract Impressionism

Abstract Impressionism, also called color imagist or color field is considered the middle ground in abstract expressionism, for it is less spontaneous and more structured than action painting and more dynamic or expressive than the third approach. It is characterized by delicate imagery, fluid shapes, and almost calligraphic pictures.

Image source: artpane.com

Least expressive approach

This approach had no known name, but it is defined as the subtlest abstract expressionism style. By using well-defined abstract images and large areas or fields of pure color, it is meant to evoke meditation and personal reflection. The most prominent artists of this style (i.e. Adolph Gottlieb, Mark Rothko, and Barnett Newman), explained, “We favor the simple expression of the complex thought.”

Mark Borghi Fine Art operates three galleries in New York City, Bridgehampton, and Palm Springs. The galleries feature post-war American arts. Learn more about its galleries and exhibitions by visiting this website.

Artistic Pluralism:Appreciating Contemporary Art

Contemporary art is defined as the “art that has been and continues to be created during our lifetime.” However, it should not be confused with its predecessor, modern art. Many authority figures in the arts consider the delineation between contemporary and modern arts to be somewhere in the 1960s and 1970s because it was during this time that the postmodern art began to emerge.

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Image source:artreport.com

 

It was also in the 1970s that the ease of classifying artistic movements into categories started to decline. More and more artists branched out into different “movements” that cannot be categorized because there were only about ten artists in any given “movement.”

Many of them also shunned the notion of mainstream art, instead accepting that there is a variety of artistic themes and intentions. It gave rise to the concept of “artistic pluralism.”

Contemporary artists also found themselves inspired by the ever-changing global environment, the diverse culture all around, and the continuous advancement of technology. These have allowed artists during the 1970s until today to become more multifaceted, work in a wide selection of mediums, and express themselves without being bounded by predefined artistic characteristics or styles.

Even the continuous progress of video technology gave birth to the concept of video art. Now, audiences can do more than just view artistic creations – they are now able to experience it.

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This is just one example of the beauty of contemporary art, an art form that is continuing to evolve even up to this day.

Mark Borghi Fine Art showcases contemporary art and modern art in three different galleries in New York and Florida. Visit this website for more details about the art gallery.

Consumerism And Deconstruction In The Age Of Pop Art

Pop Art found its way in the mainstream during the ‘50s. Despite the arrival of subsequent movements in the world of visual art, Pop Art continues to have an influence among art lovers and mass consumers alike. Unfamiliar to many, there are other motivations beneath the vibrant and blatant images in Pop Art.

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Image source:Allposters.com

The ‘50s were a time when people were moving on from the atrocities of World War II. There was a boom in culture, and a consumerist mentality was ingrained in the minds of those who belonged to this generation. Thus, art became a way to entice people to spend more and amass more belongings. With straightforward advertisements, mass audiences surrendered to their need to spend and own.

This phenomenon led artists to use the current trend to address what is being forgotten in their generation. By using screen printing techniques, artists like Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein addressed the consumerist practices that seem to be overshadowing the culture. It was also a way to deconstruct what people were becoming accustomed to. Taking a familiar element and reproducing it in different ways unsettled audiences and led them to think about their reality. Creating a print of a product like a soup can and framing it as an artwork was a way to take an object out of its common context. This was a move that shattered familiarity and awakened interpretation.

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The era’s shift in values and a generation’s seeming desire to drive their culture and economy forward exposed a culture that adopted a materialistic and workaholic mentality. Pop Art showed that with this mindset, the boundaries that set apart class struggles could be reconciled through art.

Mark Borghi Fine Art was founded in New York City in 1998. Its founder, Mark Borghi, subsequently opened a second gallery in Bridgehampton, New York, in 2004, which served as a summer outpost with the same program as its flagship location, and another in Palm Springs, Florida, in 2011. Follow this Twitter page for updates.

The Avant-Garde Movement: Understanding Its Influence In Art And History

A prevailing art movement in a particular era may not accept a certain aesthetic. This was the case for artists of the Avant-garde movement who were cast aside by critics of what was then considered high art. Avant-garde, which means “vanguard” in French, became art that was influenced by socialist ideas. Artists of this movement believed that their works, aside from being creative outlets, had the power to educate and influence the masses aside from being a creative outlet.

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In Zurich, Switzerland, the movement Dadaism exhibited anarchist and anti-bourgeois works. Founded by Hugo Ball and Emmy Hennings, the group became a place where artists can explore their art without being tainted by politics and other moralistic patterns.

Unlike other eras in art, avant-garde and Dadaism didn’t just dwell on the visuals. Poetry and performance art became key aspects of this era in modern art. Found visual art, unstructured verses, and interpretative pieces characterized the movement. At this point, Avant-garde became a movement that shattered the society’s preconceived notions about what can be considered art.

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Perhaps one of the greatest contributions of this movement to the history of art is that it valued innovation and expression over structure. It pushed the boundaries of the field that led to radical ideas. Moreover, it marked a return to trusting an artist’s vision for his or her own work.

Mark Borghi Fine Art was founded in New York City in 1998. Its founder, Mark Borghi, subsequently opened a second gallery in Bridgehampton, New York in 2004, which served as a summer outpost with the same program as its flagship location, and another in Palm Springs, Florida in 2011. Visit this page for gallery updates.

Remembering The Enigma That Was Andy Warhol

When it comes to artistic expression in 20th century America, very few names are as mentioned as Andy Warhol’s. He led pop art, which was a visual art movement in the mid-20th century, and came up with pieces that depict the links between celebrities, advertising, and artistic expression. This movement was at its peak in the 60s.

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Warhol’s career took off when he became a commercial illustrator. He became famous, but he also, like countless artists before him, became a figure of controversy. Warhol did many things when it came to his art. He drew by hand, painted, printed, photographed, sculpted, directed movies, and even wrote songs, among others.

He called his art studio The Factory. It was very popular to people of different artistic inclinations. The Factory was often the destination of choice of well-known intellectuals, writers, drag queens, people from the Bohemian movement, Hollywood celebs, and many more.

One of his sideline works included managing the punk rock trailblazing band, The Velvet Underground. He also set up Interview magazine and wrote many books.

Warhol was also openly gay, and he was at a time society didn’t accept it.

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Today, his influence is felt in almost every facet of artistic America. From exhibits, to books, to movies and documentaries, Andy Warhol and his legacy endures. He even has a museum named after him in his home town of Pittsburgh.

Mark Borghi is an art enthusiast and dealer, founding galleries in New York, Bridgehampton, and Palm Springs. For more on his galleries, check out this page.

Hans Hofmann: Portrait Of Scientist As An Artist

Several exhibits in the Mark Borghi Fine Art gallery have harkened to the abstract expressionism of German painter Hans Hofmann. In 2016, the Frank Stella retrospective called to mind Hofmann’s arbitration of both European Modernism and American Contemporary art as a teacher in the U.S., fresh from emigrating from Nazi Germany.

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Image source : HansHofmann.org

Hofmann’s imprint among modern artists in New York was also honored in a 2014 retrospective dedicated to the man himself. Hans Hofmann : A Retrospective (2014) bursts with the free coloring of a painter not given to excess in artistic expression. He once issued an aphorism favoring the relation of a painting’s elements to each other —space and color, to be exact— and the elimination of the superfluous to give way to coherent abstract paintings that truly inhabit the spaces they occupy.

Backing such artistic conviction is an awareness of the elegance of science. Before Hofmann was an art teacher in both Munich and New York, he harbored a deeply ingrained Germanic penchant for science and mathematics. At age 16, he was assistant to the Director of Public Works of Bavaria, an experience that inspired his patenting of tools such as a naval radar, a portable freezer, and a sensitized light bulb. One could argue that such inventions with straightforward use bore similarities in principle with his brand of visual abstraction.

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Image source : Borghi.org

Form, color, and space are three elements that are just as important in scientific invention. His focus on these would make Hofmann gravitate naturally to the works of Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso, whose employment of color and form, respectively would inform the voluminous number of paintings Hofmann would produce throughout his life.

In 2017, the works of Hans Hofmann will once again be on display at Mark Borghi Fine Art, along with the works of Milton Avery. Read the exhibit write-up on this website.