The Avant-Garde Movement: Understanding Its Influence In Art And History

A prevailing art movement in a particular era may not accept a certain aesthetic. This was the case for artists of the Avant-garde movement who were cast aside by critics of what was then considered high art. Avant-garde, which means “vanguard” in French, became art that was influenced by socialist ideas. Artists of this movement believed that their works, aside from being creative outlets, had the power to educate and influence the masses aside from being a creative outlet.


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In Zurich, Switzerland, the movement Dadaism exhibited anarchist and anti-bourgeois works. Founded by Hugo Ball and Emmy Hennings, the group became a place where artists can explore their art without being tainted by politics and other moralistic patterns.

Unlike other eras in art, avant-garde and Dadaism didn’t just dwell on the visuals. Poetry and performance art became key aspects of this era in modern art. Found visual art, unstructured verses, and interpretative pieces characterized the movement. At this point, Avant-garde became a movement that shattered the society’s preconceived notions about what can be considered art.


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Perhaps one of the greatest contributions of this movement to the history of art is that it valued innovation and expression over structure. It pushed the boundaries of the field that led to radical ideas. Moreover, it marked a return to trusting an artist’s vision for his or her own work.

Mark Borghi Fine Art was founded in New York City in 1998. Its founder, Mark Borghi, subsequently opened a second gallery in Bridgehampton, New York in 2004, which served as a summer outpost with the same program as its flagship location, and another in Palm Springs, Florida in 2011. Visit this page for gallery updates.


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